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smooth3 is the system dynamics function that returns a third order exponential smooth of the input. It is frequently used to model information delays.

The plot below illustrates how the function works:

smooth3 can be called in formulas of system dynamics variables and has two notations:

  • smooth3(input, delayTime, initialValue)

    input can be a flow variable, or a numeric expression of any complexity.

    delayTime can be either a constant or a numeric expression (e.g. a function call, or a numeric parameter). It should return a positive number: smooth3 function with zero or negative delay time returns not a number.

  • smooth3(input, delayTime)

    The simplified notation of the function. Is used when the initial value is zero.


input — unit

delayTime — time

initialValue — unit

trend() — unit

The output units are the same as the input ones.

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